T-14 “Armata” on May 9th parade 2015.
Such a tank, as the T-14 “Armata” appears once in a hundred years
History of weapons – one of the most fascinating chapters in world history. And it’s not just the abundance of dramatic collisions associated with the birth of new for its time weapons systems. History teaches us that often rise and fall of entire civilizations are not associated with other than the emergence of new chariots, bows, swords and armor. The fact remains that we still live in a world where many, if not all, decides to military force as the highest expression of the power of the state. Err in this respect is very dangerous. No wonder the country that considers itself the most free, and have the most advanced armed forces. Especially interesting to watch how the story is going on before our eyes: a speech about the latest Russian tank T-14 “Armata”, made in the workshops of Uralvagonzavod, one of the partners of VTB Bank. Among the contemporaries of the T-14 has no analogues. But what it will take place among the most outstanding military vehicles of the past? Here are the main protagonists of this story.
Mark I. The first in the family
Mark I – the first tank, proven in combat. It happened September 15, 1916 at the Battle of the Somme in France. Of the 49 tanks to the front lines have reached only 35, five more are stuck in a swamp, and nine were broken in the course of the attack. However, 18 of the remaining iron fighters have advanced deep into the German defense for five kilometers, with the loss of the attackers were in 20 times less than the usual occurrence.
Value Mark I was not even in the fact that he first came into the bout. His views and practical possibilities it has made such a strong impression on the military experts of all countries, the future of armored troops who have little doubt. Actually, from this model and gave the name of the new weapon. For the purposes of secrecy British counterintelligence spread the rumor that the Russian Party in Britain has ordered tanks (in English – tank). On the sides of the iron monsters even written in Cyrillic “Caution. Petrograd. “Interestingly, in the Russian novelty was first named in a literal translation – the tub. It remains to be glad that in this case the name did not stick.
Renault FT-17. Classics of the genre
Designers are not immediately able to find the optimal layout for the new weapon. The first British tank Mark I was a diamond that allows to overcome serious obstacles, but forced armament placed in the side sponsons. The first German tank A7V resembled a rail car on the tracks. The Italians made a double-decked ship overland Fiat 2000 with a crew of 10 people. The first Russian project – “Tsar Tank” Lebedenco – generally like a giant gun carriage for the cannon. Only in 1917, the French designers have to guess the appearance of the combat vehicle. Renault FT-17 was the first tank with a cannon in the turret, which rotates 360 degrees, with the office in front, fighting compartment in the center and rear engine. This arrangement has become a classic. FT-17 was so successful that remained in service with many countries before the Second World War. A copy of the tank, founded in 1920 at the Sormovo factory in Nizhny Novgorod under the name “Freedom Fighter Comrade. Lenin “, was the ancestor of the domestic armored forces.
M1928. Gift from America
For a long time one of the major problems of tanks remained low speed over rough terrain. Combat vehicles of the 1920s crawled instead of flying into battle. The situation changed after the American constructor John Christie invented the original scheme independent suspension. It allowed the tank to move even without tracks – on rubberized rollers. Another feature designs Christi – aspiration have frontal armor plates at an angle to the vertical, thereby increasing the probability of ricochet projectiles. All these advantages of the fastest in the world rated by Soviet specialists. Draft Christie tank was purchased by the Soviet Union in 1930, and based on it created a series of BT (fast tanks) – BT-2 BT-5 and BT-7. The last of them in 1939, equipped with a diesel engine aircraft of type B-2, which was subsequently installed on all Soviet medium and heavy Tacna up to T-62. Thus, in the USSR, to combine all the elements that helped to create the legendary T-34.
T-34. Tank Victory