Naturally, this information is secret, but many people who get asked this question, would most likely say that Russian tanks probably use imported chips.
Indeed, electronics stores usually sell computers that are put together on the basis of processors of American companies Intel and AMD.
“You’ve never heard anything about Russian processors, you can’t buy them — so they don’t exist” — that’s how a normal person would reason, but that is not the case.
In Russia, the processors “Elbrus” are regularly produced and updated based on the demand of the domestic industry and defense.
These processors have multiple cores and maintain a sufficiently high operating frequency, but are still about 8 years behind the best American counterparts. That still is not “stone age”, and still a quite sturdy class of processors: The Elbrus performance” is such to be able to watch movies, listen to music, surf the Internet, work in office programs and so on.
Of course, 8 years is a long time for microelectronics, so the Russian processors are ten times less productive than foreign ones, but they have two important advantages:
1) “Elbrus” uses it’s own operating system that is optimized specifically for it: “Elbrus” is not designed to work in the Windows environment, “Elbrus” runs on Linux Environment, specially rewritten for it. As can be seen, this aspect of the Russian processor greatly increases its performance in real processes.
2) For “Elbrus”, there are no viruses. Completely none. Not only that, to gain access to the “Elbrus” is hard, and the processor hardware is tamper-resistant.
As you can see, “Elbrus” has some very significant advantages, which helps to reduce the frustration from it’s small performance.
In addition, the means of testing the processor should be understood. Such testing is something perfect, that is, when a computer program performs a certain set of commands and evaluates the speed of its work. But life is not so: the computer interacts in real time with a multitude of devices, sensors and people.
In order to begin to process data, for example, the processor in the defense system, it should provide this data locally throughout. Specifically the radar needs to send and receive signals. As you can read, the speed of the CPU is interconnected with the quality of the radar: if the speed of this one processor is sufficient, it can work alone, if not, then you can put at least 1000 processors!
By the way, it’s better for the military, for the system to work with more processors, rather then less: in case of a failure of a single processor system there would be least loss of productivity, and an increase in reliability, which is extremely important in a real battle.
Russian Military equipment usually lasts 20-25 years, after which it needs to be updated, so the approximate 8 year time lag between Russia and the USA in microelectronics, is not critical for the defense of the country; although, of course, it would be better to keep up. The battles in Ukraine, in which both sides used tanks T-64 and T-72, manufactured decades ago, testify to this!
In my article about the tank “Armata” it was noted that its main advantage lies in the fact that this war machine can attack enemy infantry, tanks, helicopters and planes, simultaneously protected from bullets, shells and rockets.
It is this versatility that has made the “Armata” more than “just a tank”, and made foreign tank-building firms begin developing their own equivalent of “Armata”, which means that despite the lag in microelectronics, Russia has yet again become one of the best tanks in the world, according to the author.
And no matter what CPU is in the “Armata” (running s-500, “Mace”, Tu-160, etc.) — it is important that the combat system is based on Russian CPU, to prevent any hacking and show themselves worthy in modern battle!
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