Modern Assault Rifles

Posted: August 2, 2015 in AK, AK-12, AK-74, HK-416, M-16, M-4, Soviet, Special Operations
Tags: , , , , , , ,

The war is now in the world, modern assault rifles. Let’s consider the most interesting examples of machines of the third generation of the serial number as a producing and under development. The Italian Shooting granatomёtny complex ARX-160 development firm Beretta includes a 5.56 mm machine gun and 40 * 46 mm grenade launcher, which can also be used independently. Firing range of the grenade is 400m. The complex, besides the assault rifle and grenade launcher fire control unit includes small arms «Aspis» and fire control unit grenade «Scorpio». The modular design of the complex allows, after the replacement of a number of parts used cartridges 5,56h45 mm 5.45×39 mm 7,62h39 mm 6,8h43 mm, ie in fact, the entire spectrum of today producing the intermediate rounds. The machine is equipped with quick-change barrels 406 and 305 mm, the replacement of which takes no more than five seconds, the cocking lever is reset to both sides, it is possible to quickly change the direction of reflection of spent cartridges. Automation works on the principle of flue gas with a short stroke gas piston. Folding butts has a 5-way adjustable length.

There are 4 Picatinny mounting brackets for installation of additional equipment, 6 belt anchorages. Front and rear sights are added. The standard coating color is black and olive. Automatic short barrel weighs less than 3 kg and is an ideal transformer with the possibility of martial fine-tune their specific needs arrow. The complex is the base for the future of the Italian set of combat equipment «Soldato Futuro». The machine is supplied with the 2012 adopted the Italian Army and offered for export. In particular, the version of the machine under the Soviet patron 7,62h39 (used stores from AKM), adopted by the Special Operations Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The machine HK-416 company Heckler-Koch its appearance is obliged to the desire of the company to enter the American market of military and police weapons. The idea was to create a sample that combines a ergonomics and appearance of all the beloved American M-16 with significantly improved reliability. For this direct vent M-16 was replaced by a much more resistant to contamination of the system with a short stroke gas piston, the same as in the G-36 rifle. Let’s consider the most interesting examples of machines of the third generation of the numbers as producing standard and are in the process development.The Italian Shooting granatomёtny complex ARX-160 development company Beretta includes 5.56 mm machine gun and 40 * 46 mm grenade launcher, which can also be used independently. Firing range of the grenade is 400m. The complex, besides the assault rifle and grenade launcher fire control unit includes small arms «Aspis» and fire control unit grenade «Scorpio». The modular design of the complex allows, after the replacement of a number of parts used cartridges 5,56h45 mm 5.45×39 mm 7,62h39 mm 6,8h43 mm, ie in fact, the entire spectrum of today producing the intermediate rounds. The machine is equipped with quick-change barrels 406 and 305 mm, the replacement of which takes no more than five seconds, the cocking lever is reset to both sides, it is possible to quickly change the direction of reflection of spent cartridges.Automation works on the principle of flue gas with a short stroke gas piston. Folding butts has a 5-way adjustable length. There are 4 Picatinny mounting brackets for installation of additional equipment, 6 belt anchorages. Front and rear sights are added. The standard coating color is black and olive. Automatic short barrel weighs less than 3 kg and is an ideal transformer with the possibility of martial fine-tune their specific needs arrow. The complex is the base for the future of the Italian set of combat equipment «Soldato Futuro».The machine is supplied with the 2012 adopted the Italian Army and offered for export. In particular, the version of the machine under the Soviet patron 7,62h39 (used stores from AKM), adopted by the Special Operations Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The machine HK-416 company Heckler-Koch its appearance is obliged to the desire of the company to enter the American market of military and police weapons. The idea was to create a sample that combines a ergonomics and appearance of all the beloved American M-16 with significantly improved reliability. For this direct vent M-16 was replaced by a much more resistant to contamination of the system with a short stroke gas piston, the same as in the G-36 rifle. They also improved the shutter and return mechanism and used the barrel of increased survivability. Curiously, the first HK-416 is designed as a kit of parts for automatic upgrade of the M-16 / M-4. This replaced the trunk with a gas engine, forearm, receiver and slide group, replacing the return spring, and the buffer was also recommended. At the same time the stock, shop, body trigger mechanism to handle and store the receiver can be used on old-fashioned. The rest of the HK-416 has a lot in common with their “classmates” – telescopic buttstock of adjustable length, quick-change barrels, four guides Picatinny rail for mounting various sights, laser sights, tactical lights, rifle grenades, and so on. d. The machine was adopted for some special units of the US Army, including counter-terrorism and the legendary business unit Delta Force, US Marine Corps, special units of the number of countries and private military companies where well-proven. It is also known that the operation to kill Osama Bin Laden fur seal team 6 used machines USA HK-416. The weapon has a high precision and accuracy of fire, which, combined with a soft and smooth recoil makes it an ideal tool in the hands of a professional. As a result, generalizations tactical experience gained troops of the international coalition in Iraq and Afghanistan, it became clear that the standard NATO 5.56 bullets at certain conditions have insufficient range and penetrative effect. Besides lightweight bullet cartridge SS 109 at a distance of 400 m crosswind 17 km / h is demolished twice more than the bullet cartridge 7,62h51. In light of these findings, the company Heckler-Koch-based machine HK-416 has developed an automatic rifle NK-417 chambered 7,62h51 NATO. Towards a new rifle available 4 options trunks of various lengths, with using a “sniper” barrel length of 40 cm and 50 cm and corresponding ammunition by firing single rifle demonstrates accuracy in the region of one minute of arc that can be attributed to this option NC-417 tactical sniper rifles . Speaking about the third generation of machines is impossible to ignore the complex SCAR. FN SCAR (Eng. Special Operations Forces Combat Assault Rifle) – combat assault rifle for special operations forces) – it was developed by FN-Herstal USA to participate in the competition for the new assault rifle for soldiers US SOCOM, announced in 2003 the command of the special forces US operations. According to the requirements of the competition the rifle was, firstly, the most of the principle of modularity, t. E. To be adaptable to the specific tactical conditions, and secondly, in terms of reliability exceed the regular M-4 carbine. Also, the terms of reference imply the presence of perspective samples of retrofitting kits for ammunition 7,62h39, 6,8 Rem et al. In 2004, it was announced that the winner was the company FN-Herstal USA with a rifle and granatomёtnymi complexes, which were later standardized as the Mark 16 / Mk.16 SCAR-L and Mark 17 / Mk.17 SCAR-H. The program manager of arms US SOCOM Troy Smith emphasized that the design of SCAR rifles carried out with the active assistance and the commandos themselves SCAR rifles feature is that this SWAT weapons , embodies the many years of combat experience. After the signing of the initial production stage troop tests were conducted in different climatic zones, which were attended by operators Navi Seals, Special Forces soldiers United States Marine Corps and Army Rangers. The family of SCAR rifles in addition to the two “basic” versions – “light” rifle Mk.16 SCAR-L (Light) under the bullets caliber 5.56h45mm NATO and “heavy” rifle Mk.17 SCAR-H (Heavy) under the more powerful ammunition 7.62h51mm NATO includes the Mk 13 Mod 0 or FN40GL – 40mm grenade launcher that can be used as a grenade for any of the options, or used independently. The two basic configurations suggest the possibility of installing the trunks of various lengths determining their tactical purpose. There are three standard options – “S” (Standard), “CQC” (Close Quarters Combat) – shorter machine for melee and “SV” (Sniper Variant) – sniper weapon. Manufacturer emphasizes the principle of modularity of its design – 82% of the parts, of which there are only 175, can be used in both caliber weapons. Steel Store for the MK-16 is interchangeable with the store M-4 carbine, though, the assurances of the developer has the best quality. Chrome-plated barrel and overall workmanship guarantee high duration of the assault rifle.Automatic weapons with a short stroke gas piston besides low sensitivity to contamination guarantees increased machine stability when shooting. Fully implemented the principle of two-way: foot fuse and release button magazine can be operated from both sides, the shutter cocking lever can be installed on the right or on the left side. Butt, down the right, adjustable in length with fixation in six positions. Several low, compared to other rifles rate of fire weapons contributes to greater stability in the management of fire. The fighting Russian Touted AN-94 “Abakan”, although showed record levels of accuracy in the mode of fire bursts of two rounds, the rest has no advantages to AK-74, besides being extremely difficult and expensive to produce design unsuitable for weapons conscripts. AK-100 series, development of which began at the Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant in the early 1990s, originally created as a commercial weapon calculated on foreign markets. Established on the basis of an AK-74 weapons are his options under the most common in the world of intermediate cartridge: 5,56h45 NATO 7,62h39 and 5,56h45. AK-101 – a machine for widespread 5,56h45 NATO ammunition, and, on the assertions Developer demonstrates better accuracy in the mode of fire bursts, rather than the M-16 A2. AK-103 uses honored patron 7,62h39 (M1943), is compatible with the old shops AK / AKM is intended to replace them. AK-102, 104 and 105 are compact machines, built on the basis of their full-size versions, and some surpassing their combat and operational characteristics AKS-74U. From “base” models are distinguished shortened barrel with special muzzle-flash suppressor and changed rib having markings only up to 500 m. All the AK-100 series are equipped with side panels for installation of optics. For the manufacture of the stock, fore-end, pistol grip and body shop is used polyamide black color, which is why the AK-hundredth series abroad have the commercial name “Black Kalashnikov.” The largest buyer of AK-hundredth series today is Venezuela, which has been contracted to supply and licensed assembly 100 000 units of the AK-103. Party AK-102 was also acquired by Indonesia. AK-hundredth series, although they are commercially successful project, are only cosmetic upgrades AK-74, and not without its shortcomings. The most significant drawback of the AK family of machines is the difficulty of placing them on optical sights. The problem is primarily due to the fact that in the upper arms, where there should be installed optics arranged detachable receiver cover and gas tube. Side plank with fastening “dovetail”, which is on all the AK-74M, the problem does not solve, t. To. At partial disassembly for cleaning machine or eliminate the delay when shooting sight should be removed. After installing it, of course, weapons need to give back to a normal battle.In addition, mounted on the AK-74M sight does not allow folding butt. Sector fuse-translator fire mode on automatic AC family is uncomfortable, “loud” and causes a lot of criticism. To address these and other shortcomings, and general “modernizing” construction concern “Izhmash” has developed the AK-12, which stands for “Avtomat Kalashnikov 2012” . Although the weapon uses the classic automation with long stroke gas piston, its design has undergone major changes. Redesigned trigger mechanism, updated slide group and the receiver. Cover the receiver, available now increased hardness, mounted on hinges for disassembling and cleaning the machine up and leans forward. These measures helped to achieve a relative constancy of the position of the trunk lid, which makes it possible to establish the location of the guide bar on the cover of “Picatinny” optical collimating and night sights. Arm cocking bolt moved forward and may, at the request of an arrow be re-arranged to the left or right side . Fuse-translator fire now has a different design – it is imposed on both sides of the arms and has four positions – “fuse”, “single shooting”, “fixed line for 3 shots”, “automatic fire”.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s